Food has always been a very important part of Minecraft. Before, food would instantly increase the number of hearts you have. Now we have even more types of food and the hunger bar. Food no longer increases your health, but increases your hunger bar which can, if high enough, increase your health. Here all the the types of food that you can eat and what kind of effects they have on you.
The most efficient way of getting food is by starting a wheat or melon garden.
By combining 3 pieces of wheat you can get one piece of bread which will give you 2.5 food points.
A melon block can yield 3-7 slices of melon which will give you 1 food point each
You can get 1-2 steaks from a cow. Raw steaks will give you 1.5 food points and cooked steaks will give you 4 food points.
A pig can give you 1-2 pork chops. A raw pork chop will give you 1.5 food points and a cooked pork chop will give you 4 food points.
A chicken will give you 1-2 chicken breasts. Raw chicken will give you 1 food point (with a chance of food poisoning) and cooked chicken will give you 3 food points.
Spiders will give you 1 spider eye when killed. 1 spider eye will give you one food point but you will be poisoned for 4 seconds.
Zombies and pigmen will give you 1 rotten flesh. 1 rotten flesh will give you 2 food points with a high change of food poisoning.
By combining a brown and a red mushroom with a bowl you will get mushroom stew which will yield 4 food points (the bowl is re-usable too).
You can get fish from the ocean using a fishing rod. Raw fish will give you 1 food point and cooked fish will give you 2.5 food points.
Apples can be found in dungeons or they can fall from tree leaves. A red apple will give you 2 food points.
When a red apple is surrounded by golden nuggets in a crafting table you can get a golden apple. A golden apple will give you 2 food points as well as a guaranteed 4 seconds of health regeneration.
COOKIES!!!! num num num num. ME WANT COOKIES! ...sorry, i wanted to go all cookie monster on you guys. A cookie in Minecraft will give 0.5 food points.
A cake is fairly difficult to make only because you need such a variety of ingredients. The most difficult to get is undoubtedly an egg. Anyway, when you place a cake down you can't pick it back up so be careful. By right-clicking it you will eat 1/6 of the cake which gives you 1 food point. An entire cake you give you 6 food points.
Now you know everything you need to know about food. Go start a garden and you will have all the food you will ever need. HAPPY MINING!